Fixed and movable dentures

Fixed and movable dentures

2 April 2019 Our Services 0
diş protezi

Fixed dentures

Dental prosthesis applications are the process of replacing the teeth with missing or excessive substance loss by using similar materials like color and texture. There are different material alternatives such as metal, metal-supported porcelain crowns, reinforced porcelain or full porcelain crowns with zirconium bottom, metal crowns.


Porcelain Crowns in Metal Support It consists of a metal substructure and an aesthetic porcelain.

Full Porcelain Crowns At aesthetically important sites porcelain crowns that are light-permeable natural tooth-like porcelain crowns can be used. Because these crowns do not need metal infrastructure, more aesthetic results can be obtained.

Metal Crowns are all gold, chrome, cobalt made of metal . These crowns are limited in use, where there is not enough room for porcelain crowns in teeth and jaws in the rear regions that do not cause aesthetic problems.

Porcelain Laminas .
Leaf porcelain is a very fine porcelain structure that adheres to the front of the teeth. The gaps between the porcelain laminae and the teeth can be closed, their lengths can be extended and reshaped, the fracture crack, the poorly formed, and the highly colored teeth can be rendered beautiful. In addition, those who do not like the color of the teeth, those who do not like the smile, for the purpose of smile design, color teeth because of antibiotics, light distorted teeth correction, orthodontics treatment, requiring a degree of irregularities can be corrected in a few sessions. In most cases, less than 1 millimeter of enamel is removed from the front and cut surface of your teeth and the teeth are measured. With the help of this measure, you will adhere to your teeth, complete your smile, and adhere to the color of the porcelain laminates in the appropriate color.

There are alternatives to implant and bridge treatment in the absence of one or more teeth.

The bridge is applied to the closure of the missing teeth by supporting the neighboring supporting teeth in order to meet the loss of aesthetics, pronunciation and function in the absence of one or more teeth. Depending on the situation of the case, materials and bridge types are selected.

İmplant-üstü Kuron ve Köprülerde ise bir, birkaç veya tüm diş eksikliklerinde cerrahlar tarafından yapılan çene kemiğine kök formundaki titanyum vidalar kemikle bütünleştikten sonra (yaklaşık 2-6 ay) uygulanan sabit (yapıştırma) protezlerdir.

The finalization of fixed prostheses involves a treatment of at least 4 sessions.

Preparation and moldingThe tooth or teeth to be restored are reduced by the amount of restoration to be applied and the precise size of the whole mouth is taken for the laboratory model and operations. Color detection is determined by the joint decision of the patient and physician.

Infrastructure CheckZirconium or metal infrastructure prepared on the model is rehearsed in the mouth environment.

Porcelain CheckThe stage before the end of the restoration. The relationship of porcelain prepared in laboratory with neighboring, opposite teeth and surrounding tissues is checked. Aesthetics and color are controlled in harmony. The final approval of the final consent of the patient. The lacquer is sent to the laboratory for construction.

Polishing and cementationRestoration of the wax in the laboratory is tried for the last time in the mouth, if there is no problem, after the approval of the patient, the restoration is fixed on the tooth and after the adhesives harden, the residues are cleaned.

Hasta BilgilendirmeAll oral hygiene and care are directly effective over the life of the restoration. In particular, the patient is informed if there are necessary methods for restorations (bridges). An appointment is made for routine checks.

Movable prosthesis applications

Movable prostheses are devices that can be inserted and removed by the patient and replaced the missing teeth. There are various types of prosthesis, partial prosthesis, immediate prosthesis and dental prosthesis.

Total Dentures
Total prostheses are produced from acrylic, which are supported by the remaining bone tissue in the upper and lower jaws, when there are no natural teeth in your mouth. In special cases where the implant cannot be applied, it finds application area. Using porcelain teeth in total prostheses is generally not a healthy approach. Therefore, plastic teeth are used in these prostheses; however, these teeth can be colored in time.

Partial Dentures
Some of the natural teeth have; In cases where some of them are pulled out, removable prostheses are called durum partial dentures bir. Partial prostheses are made of either acrylic or one piece cast. This type of prosthesis provides retaining with crocheted wires attached to the main teeth. For those patients who think that the appearance of this wire is not aesthetic, aesthetic prostheses with sensitive connections can also be made.

Immediate Dentures
In the cases where all the main teeth need to be extracted, if the patient does not want to be without a tooth, immediately after the natural teeth called prot immediate dentures hasta are taken, immediately fitted prostheses can be made. When the healing is completed and the tissues become incompatible with these prostheses, permanent prostheses are started.

Over Dentures
A few natural teeth or roots in the mouth, the dentist will do some special preparations after the prosthesis is called "dental prosthesis". The natural teeth or roots in which the prosthesis sits provide prosthesis retention and stability.

Will I get used to my dentures ?
It takes some time to get used to the prostheses, and even in very well done prostheses, this situation varies from person to person. The new prosthesis will be foreign and large in the mouth. A sensation of fullness will be felt on the lips and cheeks. The lower prosthesis is more difficult to get used to, since the lower prosthesis can move more and more to get used to the lower prosthesis. In the early days, the amount of saliva increases as a result of stimulation of the glands. This situation will pass over time.

Why do dentures hurt ?
Prostheses sitting on soft tissues; As a result of the movement, no matter how much care has been taken, some parts of them may be shot. The patient should not disrupt his / her controls and correct the prosthesis. It is very wrong for the patient to take the knockouts. The patient should have used his prostheses for at least 9 hours before coming to the doctor for correction of the hit areas. However, this period allows the problematic places to be seen.

Can I eat normal with my dentures ?
In this process, patients are advised to chew gently on the right or left, with whichever side is more comfortable, without opening their lips and taking small snacks. In the first days of prosthesis insertion, soft food should be eaten and must not be bitten by anterior teeth. This causes the back of the prostheses to move away from the tissues. The tongue, lips and cheeks have a great effect on the control of the prosthesis. It is easier for a patient who used a prosthesis to get used to a new patient. If the patient has been without teeth for too long, he can eat more comfortably than with a toothless prosthesis. But this is not healthy. After getting accustomed to the prostheses, they will be able to eat much more comfortably with prosthesis. Eating normally with total prostheses takes at least 4-6 weeks. Patients should spend this period taking into consideration the recommendations of their physicians, and most importantly, they must be inin stable Hast about using their prostheses. They should not give up and prosthesis immediately. This is especially the case for patients with old prostheses. Because if they remove their new prostheses and take their new prostheses at the slightest hit, it may take a long time to get used to their new prosthesis.

Will I be able to speak normally with my prostheses?
Prostheses may cause some changes in the oral environment, such as difficulties in the pronunciation of some sounds. In this case, the study should be conducted loud and mirrored, and the words that are not said correctly should be repeated and normalized.

Do I use my prostheses for 24 hours?
Patients need to be used continuously in the first few days to get familiar with their prostheses. But after getting used, prostheses should not be worn at night and tissues should be rested; should be left in water when removed to prevent drying and possible dimensional changes. This is very important for the health of tissues. It may cause dentures to come out of the mouth as a result of the amputation of the cheek and weakening of the neuromuscular control mechanism at night.

Should I use prosthetic adhesives?
Continuous use of prosthetic adhesives is not desirable. However, it is inconvenient to use it for short term if necessary. Your physician will tell you how to use these adhesives when needed.

Can I use my prostheses for life?
Prostheses are not used for a lifetime. Although it is said that some procedures should be performed every five years under normal conditions; Of course, this period varies according to the patient. The reason for the inability to use prostheses for a lifetime is changes in living tissues. Over the years, the harmony of prostheses with tissues has deteriorated. Prostheses become abundant, begin to fall, food becomes difficult to eat. This has nothing to do with prostheses. It is completely the result of changes in living tissues. In this case, the prosthesis must be filled in, the base material that has been compromised, or a new prosthesis must be replaced. The dentist will decide on this issue.

How long will it take to get my prostheses?
Hareketli protezlerin yapımı ölçü alınmasından itibaren normalde beş seans sürer. Ancak gerekli hallerde seans sayısı artabilir. Protez takıldıktan sonra da ağza alıştırılması için hastaların birkaç seans daha gelmesi gerekebilir. Bu durumda bir hareketli protezin tamamen bitmesi ve hastanın protezini kullanabilir hale gelmesi genel olarak 1-1,5 ay sürebilir. Bu konuda hastalarımız yapım ve alışma için belirli bir süre gerektiğini bilmelidirler.

Do I have to go to my dentist after getting used to my prostheses?
Patients using total dentures, like people with natural teeth, every six months? should be checked. Depending on various factors, tissues under the prosthesis may vary. In time, the prosthesis loses its adaptation to the tissues and can cause damage to the tissues until the patient realizes this condition. A variety of lesions may appear in the prosthetic or unrelated mouth. Therefore, patients using total prosthesis should be examined carefully by the physician at least twice a year.

Are there any alternative to classical moving prostheses?
The most contemporary alternative to classical movable prostheses are implant-supported prostheses. This is particularly true for lower total prostheses. Implantation improves both stability and stability of prostheses. In order to apply these costly dentures, all local and systemic conditions must be suitable. The physician of the prosthodontic treatment will provide you with the necessary information after examining you.

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