Periodontology of gum diseases
Gingival diseases are caused by all or part of the teeth and tissues surrounding them. Your sensitive, swollen, red, bleeding gums that do not last for a while and the accompanying tooth sensitivity, if you have a toothache and bad breath, you may have periodontal disease. When this serious infection is not treated; In addition to causing tooth loss, it has been shown in studies that it is a risk factor for the development of heart attack, paralysis, diabetes, respiratory diseases and the birth of premature birth or low birth weight infants. Genetic factors, systemic diseases and smoking are also known to be effective in the onset or progression of the disease.
Symptoms of gingival diseases
- Red, swollen and loose gums or pain in the mouth
- Bleeding gums when brushing teeth and in the use of dental floss or when hard food is eaten
- Gingival recession and tooth removal, teeth appear longer than before
- Increased spacing of teeth
- Sputum between tooth and gingiva
- Sensitivity in the mouth
- Stubborn halitosis
- Feeling changes in the teeth when the teeth are closed
- Change in fixed or removable prostheses
When brushing your teeth, biting something or spontaneously bleeding in your gums and bad breath smell complaint; The most common symptoms of gingivitis. The gingivitis is the lightest form of the disease, and the gums are red and swollen. It bleeds easily. The reason is often the lack of oral care. The patient usually does not feel any discomfort. This facilitates the progression of the disease. If the disease is not treated, it can cause tooth loss by melting the bone around the teeth.
Gingivitis, which is the lightest form of the disease, may turn into periodontitis by not affecting the other tissues surrounding the female. The plaque on the teeth spreads and moves to the bottom of the gums. Bacteria in the plate produce a variety of toxins. These toxins stimulate the chronic inflammatory response of the body, causing destruction of tissues and bone that support the tooth. The inflamed gum is separated from the tooth and takes the form of the pocket. The disease mostly progresses slowly. As the disease progresses, bone loss increases by deepening the pocket. The tooth begins to shake as it loses its support and eventually the teeth are lost.
Depending on the inflammation of the gums under the bone due to the melting of your gums, the extension of your teeth and your teeth can be noticed. There may be intervals between your teeth and you can feel the swing of your teeth as the bone support is reduced. This is indicative of gum disease. Ask your dentist as soon as possible.